A Treatise Concerning Civil Government in Three Parts
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Table of Contents
- THE PREFACE.
- The PRINCIPAL ERRATA.
- PART I.: THE NOTIONS OF Mr. LOCKE, c.
- CHAP. I.: The only true Foundation of Civil Government, according to Mr. Locke and his Disciples:—All Governments whatever being so many Encroachments on, and Violations of, the unalienable Rights of Mankind, if not founded on this Hypothesis.
- QUOTATIONS from Mr. Locke.
- Chap. IX.: Of the Ends of Political Society and Government.
- Chap. XI.: Of the Extent of the Legislative Power.
- Chap. XVII.: Of Usurpation.
- Extracts from Mr. Molyneux’s Case of Ireland being bound by Acts of Parliament in England. Dublin, printed 1698, and dedicated to King William: And lately reprinted by Mr. Almon, with a long Preface, exciting the Irish to rebel, and promising sull Liberty, and Security to the Papists, if they will join in this good Work.
- Extracts from Dr. Priestly’s Essay on the first Principles of Government. Second Edition. London, printed for J. Johnson, 1771.
- Section I.: Of the first Principles of Government, and the different Kinds of Liberty.
- Section II.: Of Political Liberty.
- Extracts from Dr. Price’s famous Treatise, Observations on the Nature of Civil Liberty, c. a new Edition, 12mo. corrected by the Author, Price Three-Pence, or One Guinea per Hundred.
- Preface to the Fifth Edition.
- Section I.: Of the Nature of Liberty in general.
- Section II.: Of Civil Liberty, and the Principles of Government.
- Section III.: Of the Authority of one Country over another.
- Observations on the foregoing Extracts.
- CHAP II.: Several very gross Errors and Absurdities chargeable on the Lockian System.
- The first Species of Error, with its Subdivisions.
- The second Species of Errors, with its Subdivisions.
- CHAP. III.: An Enquiry how far either the Revolution in England,—or the Reduction of Ireland,—or the present Proceedings of the Congress in America, can or may be justified according to the leading Principles of Mr. Locke, and his Followers.
- I.: Of the Revolution in England.
- II.: The Reduction of Ireland.
- III.: The Cafe of the present Congress in America.
- CHAP. IV.: On the Abuse of Words, and the Perversion of Language, chargeable on the Lockian System.
- PART II.: CONTAINING THE TRUE BASIS OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT, In OPPOSITION to the SYSTEM of Mr. LOCKE and his Followers, By JOSIAH TUCKER, D. D. DEAN of GLOCESTER.
- THE PREFACE TO THE SECOND PART.
- CHAP. I.: Concerning those Principles in Human Nature, which may serve as a Basis for any Species of Civil Government to stand upon, without the actual Choice, or personal Election of every Member of the Community either towards the first Erection, or the Continuation of such a Government.
- CHAP. II.: OBJECTIONS ANSWERED.
- OBJECTION I.
- OBJECTION II.
- OBJECTION III.
- OBJECTION IV.
- CHAP. III.: A Comparison of the different Forms of Government with each other,—A Preference given to the Mixt, and the Reasons why,—The Republics of Sparta, Athens, and Rome, proved to be improper Models for a Commercial State,—The supposed unalienable Right of each Individual to be self-governed in the Affairs of Legislation, examined, and refuted.
- I.: MONARCHY.
- II.: On ARISTOCRACY.
- III.: A MERE DEMOCRACY.
- The SPARTAN REPUBLIC.
- The ATHENIAN REPUBLIC.
- The ROMAN REPUBLIC.
- The OBJECTION is this:
- CHAP. IV.: Of a limited Monarchy, and mixt Government. Its component Parts, Monarchy, Aristocracy, and Democracy. Of the comparative Influence of each:—On which Side the greatest Danger is now to be apprehended.—The Remedy proposed, and proper Regulations.
- §. The Aristocratical Part of the Constitution.
- §. The Democratical Part of the Constitution;—wherein the Power of electing Deputies to represent the People is particularly considered.
- The QUALIFICATIONS of VOTERS.
- The QUALIFICATION of CANDIDATES.
- PART III.: Divers Collateral Circumstances CORROBORATING THE FOREGOING SYSTEM, AND CONFUTING THE LOCKIAN
- CHAP. I.: The general Nature of the Gothic Constitution described, which the barbarous Nations introduced and settled in every Part of Europe, and particularly in England.—Various antiquated Customs and Laws explained relative thereto.—These Laws either not understood, or wilfully misrepresented by our modern Lockians.
- I.: The VILLAINS.
- ARTIFICERS and TRADESMEN, The Second Class.
- GENTLEMEN. The Third, or highest Class.
- “A Desinition of Conspirators made Anno 23. Edward I. Stat. 2. Anno Dom. 1304. [Pickering’s Edition.]
- CHAP. II.: Certain Objections and Cavils answered and confuted.
- The 1st of these is John Cartwright, Esq.
- The Cavils of Mr. Professor Dunbar, of Aberdeen.
- I.: The Dean of Glocester [see Page 171 of the present Treatise.]
- Mr. Professor Dunbar’s Censure on the Preceding [see his Note to his History of Mankind, Page 204.]
- II.: The Dean of Glocester [see Page 190 of the present Treatise.]
- Mr. Professor Dunbar’s Censure on the Preceding.
- III.: The Dean of Glocester [see the Preface to the 2d Part of the present Work.]
- Mr. Professor’s Censure on the preceding, is as follows:—
- CHAP. III.: An Enquiry how far the Authorities of Great Names, and particularly how far the Opinions of Aristotle, Cicero, Grotius, and Hooker can be serviceable to the Lockian Cause.
- CHAP. IV.: The Doctrine of Scripture relative to the Obedience due from Subjects to their Sovereigns; together with the Grounds of, and Reasons for the Duty.
- THE CONTENTS.