Constitution of Athens
Probably written by a pupil of Aristotle, it is the first history of Athens as a model democracy, how it came into existence, and how it operated in practice.
Aristotle’s Constitution of Athens, trans. Thomas J. Dymes (London: Seeley and Co., 1891).
The text is in the public domain.
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Table of Contents
- EXPLANATION OF TERMS FOR THE ENGLISH READER.
- THE CONSTITUTION OF ATHENS.
- CHAP. I.: Kylon.
- CHAP. II.: The oligarchical constitution.
- CHAP. III.: Before Draco’s time.
- CHAP. IV.: Draco’s laws.
- CHAP. V.: Civil dissensions; Solon.
- CHAP. VI.: Solon; charge against him.
- CHAP. VII.: His constitution.
- CHAP. VIII.: Solon’s constitution.
- CHAP. IX.: How Solon gave power to the people.
- CHAP. X.: Reforms the currency, weights and measures.
- CHAP. XI.: Goes abroad.
- CHAP. XII.: The testimony of his own poems.
- CHAP. XIII.: Party divisions immediately following.
- CHAP. XIV.: Peisistratus makes himself tyrant; his exile and return.
- CHAP. XV.: How he disarmed the people.
- CHAP. XVI.: His government moderate and popular.
- CHAP. XVII.: Succeeded by his sons.
- CHAP. XVIII.: Harmodius and Aristogeiton.
- CHAP. XIX.: Expulsion of the Peisistratidæ.
- CHAP. XX.: Isagoras and Kleisthenes.
- CHAP. XXI.: The constitution of Kleisthenes.
- CHAP. XXII.: The times immediately following; ostracism; building of a hundred triremes.
- CHAP. XXIII.: Recovery of power by the Areopagus; Themistokles and Aristides.
- CHAP. XXIV.: Athens lays claims to the leadership of Greece.
- CHAP. XXV.: Overthrow of the Areopagus by Ephialtes and Themistokles.
- CHAP. XXVI.: Growth of the Democracy; Kimon.
- CHAP. XXVII.: Perikles.
- CHAP. XXVIII.: His successors; Nikias, Kleon, Thucydides, Theramenes.
- CHAP. XXIX.: The four hundred; the proposals of Pythodorus.
- CHAP. XXX.: The constitution as proposed for the future.
- CHAP. XXXI.: The constitution as proposed for the immediate present.
- CHAP. XXXII.: The government of the four hundred.
- CHAP. XXXIII.: It lasted four months, and was good.
- CHAP. XXXIV.: Arginusæ Ægospotami Lysander and establishment of the oligarchy.
- CHAP. XXXV.: The thirty and their government.
- CHAP. XXXVI.: Protests of Theramenes.
- CHAP. XXXVII.: Theramenes put to death, and the Lacedæmonans call ed in.
- CHAP. XXXVIII.: End of the thirty, and reconciliation of parties.
- CHAP. XXXIX.: Terms of the reconciliation.
- CHAP. XL.: Its conclusion; action of Archinus.
- CHAP. XLI.: Recapitulation of the preceding changes; the sovereign power of the people.
- CHAP. XLII.: Admission to citizenship; training of the Ephebi.
- CHAP. XLIII.: Election to offices, by lot or vote.
- CHAP. XLIV.: The Council continued.
- CHAP. XLV.: Deprived of the power of putting to death.
- CHAP. XLVI.: The Council continued.
- CHAP. XLVII.: The treasurers of Athena; the government-sellers.
- CHAP. XLVIII.: The receivers; auditors.
- CHAP. XLIX.: The Council holds a muster of the Knights, etc.
- CHAP. L: Surveyors of temples; city magistrates.
- CHAP. LI.: Clerks of the market; inspectors of weights and measures, etc.
- CHAP. LII.: The Eleven; suits decided within a month.
- CHAP. LIII.: Judicial officers; arbitrators.
- CHAP. LIV.: Surveyors of roads; auditors; secretaries.
- CHAP. LV.: The archons; how they are appointed.
- CHAP. LVI.: The archon (Eponymus); his duties.
- CHAP. LVII.: The king archon; his duties.
- CHAP. LVIII: The commander-in-chief, polemarch
- CHAP. LIX.: The Thesmothetæ; their functions.
- CHAP. LX.: The directors of games; the sacred oil.
- CHAP. LXI.: Election by vote to all offices of war department.
- CHAP. LXII.: Pay attached to offices
- CHAP. LXIII.: Appointment of jurors.