290 BCE–0 CE
Historical Period: Ancient Greece
Archimedes was a renowned mathematician and inventor of the ancient world. He is most famous for discovering the relationship between the surface and volume of a sphere and its circumscribing cylinder. He is also known for the Archimedes principle (the formulation of hydrostatic principles) and the Archimedes screw (a device designed to pump water from a ship’s hull).
- Author: The Works of Archimedes